Surgical Management of Astigmatism

Editors: Dimitri T Azar, Jorge L AliĆ³, M Soledad Cortina, Joelle A Hallak
  • Provides an academic approach to the study of astigmatism and serves as a practical clinical reference for the surgical management of astigmatism
  • Represents a true collaboration between editors and authors
  • Provides various solutions and tailored techniques for diagnosing and managing regular and irregular astigmatism
  • Discusses all the different methods to understand and manage astigmatism from laser surgery to incisional and intraocular lenses
  • Describes new diagnostic technology, patient selection, procedures and limitations across applications
  • Includes figures and illustrations to provide a comprehensive review.

Table of Contents

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Chapter 1: Etiology, Pathogenesis, and Epidemiology of Astigmatism and History of its Surgical Management
Chapter 2: Optics of Regular Astigmatism
Chapter 3: Optical Clinical Assessment of Astigmatism, Surgical Vector Planning, and Analysis of Astigmatism for Refractive Surgery
Chapter 4: Keratometry and Placido-based Topography: Techniques, Advantages, and Limitations
Chapter 5: Scanning-slit, Scheimpflug, and Optical Coherence Tomography in Regular and Irregular Astigmatism
Chapter 6: Morphogeometric Analysis of the Cornea and its Relation to Corneal Astigmatism
Chapter 7: Corneal and Total Aberrometry: Orthogonal/Oblique and Secondary Higher-order Aberrations in Astigmatism
Chapter 8: Aberrated Cornea-Irregular Astigmatism in Real-world Optics: Topography, Aberrometry, and Applications in Refractive Surgery
Chapter 9: Preoperative Evaluation of Astigmatism in Cataract Surgery
Chapter 10: Surgical Planning for the Correction of Astigmatism
Chapter 11: Posterior Corneal Astigmatism Measurement Techniques and Preoperative Planning for Cataract Surgery
Chapter 12: Toric Pseudophakic Intraocular Lenses: Materials/Characteristics of Toric Monofocal, Toric Bifocal, and Toric Trifocal Intraocular Lenses
Chapter 13: Surgical Techniques: Axis Marking, Toric Intraocular Lens Positioning, and Incisional Approaches
Chapter 14: Intraoperative Alignment Techniques
Chapter 15: Induced and Residual Astigmatism after Cataract Surgery
Chapter 16: Correcting Astigmatic Surprises Following Toric Intraocular Lens Implantation
Chapter 17: Cataract and Refractive Lens Exchange Surgery in Keratoconus
Chapter 18: Astigmatic Keratotomy and Limbal Relaxing Incisions: Principles, Indications, and Nomograms
Chapter 19: Femtosecond Arcuate Keratotomy: Principles, Indications, and Techniques
Chapter 20: Laser Profiles and Depths for Myopic, Hyperopic, and Mixed Astigmatism
Chapter 21: Photoastigmatic Refractive Keratectomy and Laser-assisted in Situ Keratomileusis: Surgical Management of Astigmatism
Chapter 22: Small Incision Lenticule Extraction versus Laser in Situ Keratomileusis in Myopic Astigmatism
Chapter 23: Outcomes of Photorefractive Keratectomy, Laser in Situ Keratomileusis, and Small-incision Lenticule Extraction for Myopic, Mixed, and Hyperopic Astigmatism
Chapter 24: Custom Treatment of Irregular Astigmatism
Chapter 25: Management of Postkeratoplasty Astigmatism
Chapter 26: Management of Astigmatism after Cataract Surgery: Excimer Laser, Astigmatic Keratotomy, Piggyback IOL and IOL Exchange
Chapter 27: Surgical Management of Corneal Ectatic Disorders Using Intracorneal Ring Segments, Corneal Collagen Cross-linking, and Thermokeratoplasty Procedures
Chapter 28: Topography-guided Surgical Correction of Astigmatism: Indications, Techniques, Limitations, and Complications
Chapter 29: Toric Implantable Collamer Lenses for the Correction of Astigmatism
Chapter 30: Iris Clip Toric Phakic Intraocular Lenses for Keratoconus and Irregular Astigmatism